15: Functional Programming with Elm, ClojureScript, Om, and React

Episode 15 deep dives into the programming experiences of Adam Solove (@asolove), Head of Engineering at Pagemodo. Adam has spent the last ten years building web interfaces various technologies such as CGI, Flash, DHTML, RJS, jQuery, and many MVC JavaScript frameworks. Adam has found over his career that working with a more functional style of programming is much more rewarding in many ways.


Functional programming and FRP (Functional Reactive Programming) provides improvements in performance and purposely avoids changing-state and mutable data. This can be an extremely effective technique in web application development because of the stateful nature of DOM (Document Object Model) implementations in the browser. Adam evangelizes and works with several languages and tools to provide incredible functional style applications including, but not limited to, Elm, ClojureScript, OM, & React.js.


Facebook’s React.js, met with mixed reviews when it was first released in 2013.  Since then it has been stirring up support in droves within the JavaScript development community do to it’s high UI performance output in browsers. It’s Virtual DOM and ways of solving data & DOM performance problems have been highly criticized but hard to ignore. React has an effective unorthodox way of thinking about UI.


Elm, a functional reactive language for interactive applications, combines core features of functional languages like immutability & type inference with FRP to Create highly interactive applications without callbacks or shared state. Elm is similar in syntax to Haskell and it compiles to HTML, CSS, and JavaScript that uses a Virtual DOM model similar in concepts to that of react.js. According to Elm’s internal benchmarks, using it’s compiled JavaScript code is actually faster than any JavaScript framework tested by a extreme margin.  


ClojureScript, is a new compiler for Clojure that targets JavaScript. It is designed to emit JavaScript code which is compatible with the advanced compilation mode of the Google Closure optimizing compiler. David Nolen, has taken ClojureScript and created an interface for react.js called OM. Om allows for simple represention of Web Application User Interfaces as an EDN. ClojureScript data is immutable data, which means that Om can always rapidly re-render the UI from the root.  According to the project description, UIs created with Om are inherently able to create & manage historical snapshots with no implementation complexity and little overhead.




ClojureScript & OM




14: Web Components Interop and Polymer

Today, Web Components have emerged from cutting edge technologies to technologies we can implement in our small scale production. It won’t be long before we are building large scale applications with Custom Elements, HTML Imports, Template Tags, and the infamous Shadow DOM. In embracing this type of developer environment, with it’s flexibility and compositional nature, consider interoperabilty as a core concept.


If you need a custom element for a card layout, as an example, you should be able to use any Web Component out there in the ecosystem regardless of which library or toolchain it comes from. If the component provides the desired functionality and styling you would require it should work seamlessly in your application. Furthermore, toolsets should not limit the the extending and composition of these custom elements. In practice, this may or may not always be the case and library & toolchain creators will need to be aware of these concerns.


Rob Dodson (@rob_dodson), Developer Advocate on the Google Chrome team, talks about his thoughts on the subject. Rob is helping to educate developers, not just about Google’s Polymer Library built on top of Web Components, but across the entire Web Components community.


Rob goes through many of the changes made to Polymer 0.4.2, including accessibility and performance that help in making applications more integrated and how Google is working to share what the Blink Team has learned from implementing Web Components in Chrome with other browser vendors and developers.


Working closely with Mozilla developers on his SFHTML 5 Meetup talk on Web Components Mashups, Rob was able to collaborate and share ideas so that Web Components could alleviate many of the concerns we had when migrating from one JavaScript library to another. It is painful for developers to have to remake components every time they switch libraries or frameworks. Web Components aims to make that a thing of the past and Rob has done much more on this topic since that talk. Have a listen and hear what he has to say.


Rob’s Blog - http://robdodson.me/

I/O Presentation - http://webcomponents.org/presentations/unlock-the-next-era-of-ui-development-with-polymer-at-io/

Accessible Web Components Part 1 -https://www.polymer-project.org/articles/accessible-web-components.html

SFHTML Mashup Video -https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=75EuHl6CSTo

The Web Platform Status for IE - https://status.modern.ie/

IE Beta Channel - http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=43360

Polytechnic Events - http://itshackademic.com/

Polycast Playlist - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOU2XLYxmsII5c3Mgw6fNYCzaWrsM3sMN

Custom Elements on GitHub - https://twitter.com/polymer/status/464103568392200193

IE Platform Voting -https://wpdev.uservoice.com/forums/257854-internet-explorer-platform

customelements.io - http://customelements.io/

Webcomponents.org -http://webcomponents.org/

Bosonic Shadow DOM Issue (#4) - https://github.com/bosonic/bosonic/issues/4

The Bower Package Manager - http://bower.io/

Divshot - http://divshot.io

Divshot Blog - https://divshot.com/blog/

BuiltWithPolymer - http://builtwithpolymer.org/

Divshot’s Web Component Playground - https://ele.io/

Angular 2 Web Components Data Binding Document - https://docs.google.com/document/d/1kpuR512G1b0D8egl9245OHaG0cFh0ST0ekhD_g8sxtI/edit?hl=en&forcehl=1&pli=1#heading=h.xgjl2srtytjt

ReadTheSource - http://hangouts.readthesource.io/hangouts/divshot-superstatic/

RailsCasts -http://railscasts.com/

PhantomJS -https://github.com/ariya/phantomjs/wiki/PhantomJS-2

saucelabs -https://saucelabs.com/


Alex Russel -https://twitter.com/slightlylate

Alice Boxhall -https://twitter.com/sundress

Raphael Rugeron - https://twitter.com/goldoraf

Jonathon Sampson  -https://twitter.com/jonathansampson

Arron Schaar - https://github.com/pennyfx

Michael Bleigh - https://twitter.com/mbleigh

Scott Corgan - https://twitter.com/scottcorgan


Reactive Elements -https://github.com/PixelsCommander/ReactiveElements

X-Tags Imports - https://github.com/x-tag/x-tag-imports

Enyo -http://enyojs.com/

React.js -http://facebook.github.io/react/

Famo.us -http://famo.us/

Chromium Blink -http://www.chromium.org/blink

Polymer 0.4.2 -https://github.com/Polymer/polymer/releases/tag/0.4.2

Brick 2.0 -http://brick.mozilla.io/

X-Tags -http://www.x-tags.org/

Polymer -https://www.polymer-project.org/

Bosonic -https://bosonic.github.io/

Vulcanize - https://github.com/polymer/vulcanize

generator-element -https://github.com/webcomponents/generator-element

Firefox OS - https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/os/

web-component-tester -https://github.com/Polymer/web-component-tester

Topeka -https://github.com/polymer/topeka

Jquery UI -http://jqueryui.com/


core-a11ykeys -https://github.com/Polymer/core-a11y-keys

core-list -https://github.com/Polymer/core-list

core-animated-pages -https://github.com/Polymer/core-animated-pages

Brick Components -http://brick.mozilla.io/v2.0/docs

WinJS Polymer Samples -https://github.com/banguero/winjs-polymer-samples

core-ajax - https://github.com/polymer/core-ajax

google-map - https://github.com/GoogleWebComponents/google-map

core-shared-lib - https://github.com/Polymer/core-shared-lib

google-apis - https://github.com/GoogleWebComponents/google-apis

core-selector - https://github.com/polymer/core-selector

paper-menu-button - https://github.com/Polymer/paper-menu-button

paper-tabs - https://github.com/Polymer/paper-tabs

paper-elements - https://www.polymer-project.org/docs/elements/paper-elements.html

core-signals -https://github.com/Polymer/core-signals

Direct download: episode-14_web-components-interop-and-polymer.mp3
Category:web-components -- posted at: 11:44am EDT

13: MeshBlu, NPM, and The Internet of Everywhere

Connectivity and ubiquity will play a huge role in how web development for connected devices evolves. The rise of makers & builders in the development community is sparking innovation as well as curiosity in the business world. From connected cars & living spaces to fashion and novelty, The Internet of Things (#IoT) stretches far and wide. We are seeing more and more that our clients and users are demanding applications that integrate seamlessly not just w/ their phones, tablets, and computers but with their tv’s, security systems. Many companies are now seeing the viability & market for connected IoT. Many of these companies want to unify product experiences and blur the lines between the physical and digital worlds. With that said, how can we start building our skills and becoming the experts in this development arena?


Whether you are interested in building assembly line robotics, medical technology solutions, or even a simple product with blinking LED’s, developers will need to know many things. The security, product development cycles, how to connect devices to together, & how to share and assimilate firmware & software packages are very important. Standardization and assimilation of devices in a secure manner is critical for businesses.


JavaScript’s ubiquity & evented I/O model lends itself well to easily build IoT devices. Other languages are just as viable and debatably better at many aspects of IoT but JavaScript makes it easier, approachable, and portable.


NPM (@npmjs), the Node Package Manager, is used across the world as the standard JavaScript package manager for Node.js JavaScript primarily for the web. NPM, Inc. aims to change that and be more than a web tool. I aims to be the JavaScript ecosystem package manager for all development platforms from front end development to IoT and more. Raquel Velez (@rockbot), Software Engineer at NPM, Inc., speaks to this, the impact of NodeBots on the development community, education of IoT, and robotics & web technologies in IoT.

Chris Matthieu (@chrismatthieu), Co-founder & CTO of Octoblu (@Octoblu), discusses Octoblu’s platform and specifically #MeshBlu (AKA SkyNet.im), the scalable & universal cloud-based MQTT & CoAP-powered network for smart devices, sensors, cloud resources, drones, Arduinos, Raspberry Pis, and more.


Mike Schwartz(@nynymike), CEO of Gluu, shares his feelings on IoT security, open security standards, development practices and the pitfalls of a connected platform for IoT devices.  


Kenal Shah (@KenalShah), Product Manager at 3Pillar Global, talks to the product side of IoT and how the business side of developing for connected devices impacts the development practices.


Standards are constantly debated and the rise of the machines is upon us. We need to decide as a community what these standards are so our clients can trust us to develop their IoT integration products. It is “The Wild Wild West” of IoT yet production and shipping capablities are here with tools like Node.js, NPM, and Octoblu. Once we solidify the standards, will you be ready to deliver?




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Direct download: episode-13_meshblu-npm-and-the_internet-of-everywhere.mp3
Category:IoT -- posted at: 9:31am EDT